Latest technologies from Clemson University Research Foundationhttp://curf.technologypublisher.comBe the first to know about the latest inventions and technologies available from Clemson University Research Foundationen-USTue, 27 Jun 2017 17:04:55 GMTFri, 21 Apr 2017 06:55:25 GMT 2017, Clemson University Research FoundationVirtual Reality Software for Improved, Flexible Workforce Training (2017-007) Virtual Reality (VR) software provides online workforce training for both academia and industry. Research emphasizes the potential of using VR-based training because of its ability to provide the user with a sense of immersion that promotes learning and growth. According to MarketsandMarkets, the VR market is expected to grow from USD 1.37 Billion in 2015 to USD 33.90 Billion by 2022. A major driving force in the VR market growth is the use of VR for training and simulation. While VR-based training is becoming more widespread, many companies do not share their training assets. Further, st...Fri, 21 Apr 2017 06:55:25 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu An Online Learning Platform for Technical Education (2017-011) online learning platform delivers technician education to both industry and educational institutions. According to Docebo, the eLearning market was estimated to be over USD 165 Billion in 2015 and is likely to exceed USD 240 Billion by 2021. Factors such as learning flexibility and cost are major contributors to the rise of online education. While online learning platforms are a great source for many, the industry lacks personalized, asynchronous learning content for high school and community college students, particularly in technical fields such as advanced manufacturing. To meet this n...Fri, 21 Apr 2017 06:51:12 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Growth of Single Crystals for UV Solid State Lasers (2017-002), 20 Apr 2017 08:09:20 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Suture Anchor with Improved Tension Control for Soft Tissue Repairs (2016-047) bone suture anchor utilizes a barbed external geometry and internal plunger, allowing surgeons more tension control. The global soft tissue repair market accounted for $10.3 billion in 2014 and is expected to reach $14.7 billion in 2019 due to increased healthcare expenditure and sports related injuries requiring arthroscopic surgery. When performing a rotator cuff or other arthroscopic surgeries, suture anchors are used to ensure stability by attaching soft tissue to bone. While suture anchors currently exist, there is a need for a suturing anchor device that allows for greater tension c...Tue, 18 Apr 2017 07:27:41 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu, Biocompatibe MEMS Devices Made From Cellulose (2013-015) cellulose-based film offers a more environmentally friendly and cost-effective alternative to silicon for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). To date, silicon has been the material of choice for MEMS devices, with a current market of $14 billion that is expected to grow to $20 billion by 2020. However, silicon MEMS have significant disadvantages. Silicon is facing increasing supply constraints and is generally regarded as expensive and environmentally detrimental due to energy intensive processing with harsh chemicals. To overcome the disadvantages of silicon, Clemson University and Au...Mon, 10 Apr 2017 07:03:44 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Treatment of Parasitic Diseases (2017-036) therapeutic compounds selectively target pathogenic cells to treat parasitic diseases such as Trypanosomiasis and Leishmaniasis. Trypanosomiasis, also known as African sleeping sickness, is a widespread parasitic disease infecting over two million people worldwide. Therapeutic treatments for this disease are limited due to toxicity of the compounds and the emergence of drug-resistant parasites. To overcome these limitations, Clemson University and Kansas University researchers collaborated to develop therapeutic compounds capable of targeting parasites for the treatment of diseases such ...Mon, 10 Apr 2017 06:45:10 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Tube for Easy Removal of Blockage (2017-047) ear tube design, called AuriClear, has a removable film which allows for blockages to be removed non-invasively during a routine doctor visit. About one in five children will need ear tubes before the age of 10. Out of the one million procedures performed in the United States in 2016, 85 percent were children under the age of two. Currently, ear tubes are placed within the eardrum which often leads to blockage. When this occurs, additional surgical procedures may be required. In an effort to eliminate preventable surgeries, Clemson University researchers developed AuriClear. The inner lay...Mon, 10 Apr 2017 06:34:52 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Nanotube Composite for Use in Conductive MEMS Devices (2016-031) composite, made of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), provides a safer substitute for silicon in microelectromechanical system (MEMS) devices. The global MEMS market was $11.9 billion in 2015, and is expected to grow to $18 billion by 2020 due to increased interest in wearable technology and the automotive industry. Traditionally MEMS devices are made out of doped-silicon. However, the use of doped-silicon poses safety, economic and environmental hazards due to high energy costs, particle waste left in the air and use of harmful chemicals in the manufac...Mon, 27 Mar 2017 07:31:00 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Osteochondral Construct for Cartilage Tissue Repair (09-026) osteochondral construct is seeded with mesenchymal stem cells to encourage repair of cartilage and subchondral bone in synovial joints. The global market for tissue engineering and regeneration is expected to grow from $13.6 billion in 2016 to $60.8 billion in 2021, in part due to the 5.4 million patients projected to require joint and cartilage regeneration procedures by 2019 in the United States. Currently, many patients are living with pain caused by osteoarthritis until it progresses to require total joint replacement or they are old enough to become candidates for the surgery. For pa...Thu, 09 Mar 2017 07:54:26 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu miR319 gene to Enhance Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Transgenic Plants (2011-026), 08 Mar 2017 08:07:18 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu, Biocompatible Nanomaterials for Multiphoton Imaging (07-034) biocompatible carbon nanomaterials exhibit luminescence, making them excellent for multiphoton imaging of cells, spores, tissues, and organs in vitro and in vivo. The global microscopy market is expected to continue growing, and is projected to reach $5.8 billion by 2019. In recent years, multiphoton imaging has been favored over traditional ultraviolet (UV) light techniques for their safer and more accurate approach to biological imaging. However, current multiphoton imaging practices use luminescent materials which are not biologically compatible, creating the need for safer materials ...Mon, 06 Mar 2017 09:00:48 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Cost Identification of Small Molecules and Molecular Subunits (2015-045) approach to molecular analysis and genome sequencing consists of a way to identify small molecules or molecular subunits by taking advantage of changes in the electrical double layer chemical potential and current as well as mobility of the analyte within the nanopore. The global markets for personalized medicine and genomic sequencing are expected to increase in the coming years due to technological and research advancements. The genome sequencing market alone is expected to reach a value of $20 billion by 2020. Current technologies only use ionic current signal to identify molecules; ho...Mon, 06 Mar 2017 07:46:44 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Nano-Object Software for Biomolecular Modeling (2013-020) Protein Nano-Object Integrator (ProNOI) software allows for researchers to generate atomic-style geometrical objects in the desired shape and dimensions either from cry-electron photography or user-specified shape. Biomolecular modeling is important to address biological problems at the molecular level and to understand the interactions between molecules to predict behavior. This is especially useful for pharmaceutical development and within the general research community. Biological macromolecules must frequently be modeled in conjunction with nano-objects in order to understand their in...Wed, 01 Mar 2017 06:58:05 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Omniphobic Fibers and Fabrics (2016-025) fiber modification uses channels with re-entrant features in the shape of repeating trapezoids to create highly repellent textiles that resist attraction of both water and liquid chemicals, solvents, and oils. The self-cleaning textiles market, which includes hydrophobic, oleophobic, and omniphobic materials, is expected to reach a value of $573 million by 2021. Conventional textile surface chemistries rely on chemicals like fluorocarbons, silicones, and waxes to create omniphobic materials. To reduce the need for chemical modifications, Clemson researchers have developed a fiber structur...Wed, 01 Feb 2017 06:25:07 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Platform that Enables Large Scale Brain Wave Data Collaboration (2014-081) software platform, EEGnet, provides researchers with an efficient database to view and interact with electroencephalography (EEG) brain wave data. EEG is an electrophysical monitoring system that records electrical activity in the brain and is used most often to diagnose epilepsy. Traditionally, EEG research has been limited due to a lack of large-scale standardized data and inefficient methods for collecting the opinion of large numbers of EEG experts. It is vital to have significant amounts of information in order to validate algorithms regarding EEG data as well as to train novices how...Mon, 23 Jan 2017 08:19:38 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Catheter Tracking System to Reduce Radiation Exposure (2011-122) electromagnetic catheter tracking system improves surgical intervention while reducing radiation exposure to pediatric cardiology patients. As congenital heart disease (CHD) cases continue to rise in children, the pediatric interventional cardiology market is expected rise as well, reaching a value of $1,379.1 million by 2018. While many therapeutic interventions for CHD patients have transitioned from open surgical procedures to minimally invasive, catheter-based procedures requiring fluoroscopic guidance, this approach results in excessive cumulative radiation exposure for children. Acc...Fri, 20 Jan 2017 07:26:26 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Device for Diagnosis and Monitoring of Rotator Cuff Disease (2012-106) device utilizes ultrasound imaging to diagnose and monitor rotator cuff injuries. Each year there are over three million new cases of rotator cuff disease. Among those affected, more than half the population over 60 suffer from rotator cuff disease. Shoulder injuries, and particularly rotator cuff disease, can be difficult to diagnose. To give an accurate diagnosis, one must know the angular force and positional measurements of the shoulder. Current technologies generally give only one of these measurements, and while they can be used in concert with one another, it is difficult to accura...Fri, 20 Jan 2017 06:56:11 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Fixation Device for Treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis and Spinal Deformities (2016-007) rib fixation device attaches expanded titanium hooks on two or four ribs, improving stability of fixation for safer management of upper thoracic instabilities. With early onset scoliosis (EOS) having an incidence of approximately 1-2 per 1000 births, and with frequent complications of originally untreated individuals, care for severe thoracic deformations exceeds an annual $17 billion in costs. Current treatments involve the use of pedicle screws, of which are fixed to the spine itself. However the pedicle screws fixations are subjected to pull-out failure in the presence of kyphosis forc...Fri, 20 Jan 2017 06:40:08 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Hydrogel for Enhanced Hydrophobic Drug Delivery (04-032) hydrogel is tailored during fabrication to release hydrophobic drugs at varying molecular weights to decrease treatment intervals of chronic disorders. The drug delivery market was valued at $1,048.1 billion globally in 2015 and is expected to grow to $1,504.7 billion by 2020, driven by needs for ease of use, proper dosage delivery, and superior spreading ability. Treatments of chronic disorders like diabetes, renal failure, and dwarfism can only be treated with regular dosages of drugs, normally via injection. Regular injection of drugs causes the patient pain and often patient complianc...Tue, 17 Jan 2017 08:00:57 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Enhancement for Plant Insect Resistance (2013-029) cloned soybean cysteine protease inhibitor gene is involved in plant response to biotic stress and its overexpression in plants leads to enhanced insect resistance. Biotic stresses such as destructive pests and plant diseases cause substantial losses in crop yield and quality. In the U.S. alone, pest-related crop losses are estimated at $33 billion annually. While chemical pesticides are used extensively in the United States, use of these pesticides add tremendously to operational costs and raise serious environmental and health concerns. One of the most important targets for enhancing ag...Tue, 17 Jan 2017 07:17:14 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Small Heat Shock Protein Gene for Higher Heat Sensitivity (2014-069) cloned small heat shock protein (sHSP) determines plant tolerance to heat and salt stress. All organisms possess mechanisms to overcome environmental stress and these mechanisms are especially important in plants, which have the disadvantage of immobility. Severe heat stress can lead to irreversible damage or cell death in plants, decreasing crop productivity and efficiency. Clemson University researchers have cloned a new sHSP gene, AsHSP17, from creeping bentgrass and studied the role it plays in plant response to environmental stress. The new gene participates in plant resistance to he...Tue, 17 Jan 2017 07:12:06 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Creeping Bentgrass Plants with Enhanced Stress Tolerance (2014-070) of the miR396c gene in transgenic creeping bentgrass allows for better control of plant flowering and enhances crop performance under adverse environmental conditions. Abiotic stresses such as drought, salt, and nitrogen deficiency are limiting factors for plant growth, development, and agricultural productivity. Therefore, it is critical to develop reliable procedures to genetically modify plants for improved performance under environmental stresses, thereby enhancing agricultural productivity to meet the ever-growing demands in food production. Clemson University researchers h...Tue, 17 Jan 2017 07:08:27 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Engineering of Plants with Increased Abiotic Stress Tolerance (2014-071), 17 Jan 2017 07:03:01 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Promoter for Driving Tissue-Specific Gene Expression in Plants (2014-074) promoter drives constitutive and/or tissue-specific expression of genes in transgenic plants. A promoter is a specific DNA sequence that regulates the expression of downstream coding or other noncoding nucleic acids. As such, promoters are important molecular tools for agricultural biotechnology. There are two main constitutive promoters currently used in transgenic plants, mosaic virus 35S (CaMV 35S) and maize ubiquitin. While strong, these promoters are inefficient in some cases and can cause adverse consequences such as growth suppression. To overcome the shortcomings of current promot...Tue, 17 Jan 2017 06:59:44 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu, Self-Healing Coatings (2013-065) self-healing polymer coating inhibits corrosion of metal iron substrates while extending the life of coated materials. Self-healing materials are an emerging and promising market, expected to reach a market value of $2.7 billion by 2020. The concept of self-healing materials is to enable materials to repair damage with minimum intervention. Current approaches to achieving self-healing materials are based on encapsulating self-healing agents, which is an expensive and oftentimes impractical endeavor. Clemson University researchers have developed a self-healable polymeric coating that is ac...Tue, 06 Dec 2016 06:47:41 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu High-Frequency Interferometer Sensitivity (2014-079) new methods involve a liquid-based continuously tunable attenuator and spectrum engineering techniques to significantly improve high-frequency interferometer sensitivity. Improved interferometer sensitivity would be advantageous for the wide chemical analytical systems market, which includes high performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, and biological sensors. There is a strong interest in minimizing the volume and concentration of sample materials while still maintaining sensitivity of the analytical systems. Unfortunately, current technologies are not able to give accurat...Thu, 03 Nov 2016 10:16:01 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Resolution Analyte Recovery with Improved Selectivity (2014-083), 02 Nov 2016 07:20:59 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu RGD Peptide to Promote Therapeutic Angiogenesis, Treat Ischemic Diseases (2016-060), 11 Oct 2016 07:52:13 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Saving Prediction Software for Dual Fuel Energy Conversion Systems (2014-096) predictive software advises vehicle operators on how to maximize their savings by estimating the return on investment and overall cost savings for dual fuel energy conversion devices. According to Navigant Research, dual fuel engine revenue in the United States is expected to reach $58 million by 2024. Dual fuel energy conversion systems continue to rise in popularity as they can displace diesel at a rate of 40-60 percent depending on the load factor and terrain, lowering costs for vehicle operators. Embracing an opportunity for improvement in the field, Clemson researchers have developed...Thu, 22 Sep 2016 07:58:17 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Luminosity Organic Fluorophores for More Efficient Plastic Scintillators (2016-019) organic fluorophores have enhanced luminosity in response to ionizing radiation, increasing the efficiency of plastic scintillators and providing greater environmental stability. With increasing investments in radiation monitoring for homeland security, the scintillator market is expected to reach $479.16 Million by 2020. Currently available plastic scintillators use a polystyrene as the matrix due to its high optical transparency, however, more efficient and inexpensive scintillators are needed for detection of radioactive materials in homeland security, nuclear forensics, and nuclear s...Wed, 21 Sep 2016 08:36:42 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Sensor Instrument for Measuring Subsurface Strain (2016-004) integrated strain sensor instrument measures multiple components of strain and deformation to provide accurate estimates of changes in subsurface materials. The energy and environment markets, specifically the recovery and storage of energy resources like oil, gas, and CO2, can be made more efficient by advancing the ability to characterize permeability and distribution of pressure, temperature, or strain. Currently available instruments, such as extensometers and tiltmeters, are used to measure horizontal and vertical changes respectively. However, they are limited in providing only one ...Wed, 21 Sep 2016 07:57:46 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu, Low Cost Electrochromic Inks Composed of Conducting Nanocomposites (06-054) electrochromic inks are made from conducting polymer colloidal nanocomposites for use in inkjet printing. The display market, including light-emitting (LED) and electrochromic (ECD) devices, is a growing market expected to reach a value of $155.54 billion by 2020. Inkjet printing electrochromic devices requires careful control of the ink viscosity and surface tension for successful printing. Current practices use intrinsically conducting polymers (ICPs) have had trouble determining concentrations for a low viscosity while the harsh organic solvent used with ICPs can damage the ink jet ca...Thu, 15 Sep 2016 09:06:49 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Effective Jaw Fixation System (2013-089) jaw fixation device is a patient-specific orthotic that decreases the risk of surgical complications and operating time. Each year nearly one million Americans suffer a traumatic injury that requires surgery to fix their broken or fractured jaws and over 48 thousand will develop oral cavity or oropharyngeal cancer. Due to increasing incidence of facial fractures and the demand for reconstructive surgery after accident and oral cancer removal procedures, the market for Craniomaxillofacial (CMF) Devices is expected to reach $1.24 billion by 2020. Currently there are several clinically accep...Thu, 15 Sep 2016 08:47:34 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Antifouling Peptide to Prevent Biofouling (2015-066) synthetic conopeptide analog, named Miata57, to the noradrenaline (NA) molecule enables antifouling action. This analog could potentially be manufactured and incorporated into commercial epoxy based paints and coatings to deter fouling marine invertebrates from settling, thus preventing biofouling. Marine coatings are used in commercial and military ships, fixed and floating marine structures, and recreational boats and yachts. Both Tributyl tin and copper based antifouling paints are highly toxic to the marine environment and tend to accumulate in the sediments of ports, harbors, and est...Thu, 15 Sep 2016 08:00:42 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Clip Metal Detector to Aid Breast Surgery (2016-053) handheld metal detector aids surgeons with localizing breast cancers, eliminating the need for invasive procedures. With the increased use of mammographic screening, breast cancer is more frequently detected as a radiographic lesion only rather than a palpable mass. This has made image-directed localization a necessity for surgical excision in a significant proportion of cases. When a patient has an abnormal mammogram, a radiologic breast biopsy is performed and a titanium clip is placed at the biopsy site to mark the site of the cancer. When a patient has a surgical localization procedur...Wed, 14 Sep 2016 09:29:23 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Targeted Drug Delivery for Treating Elastin Degenerative Diseases (2012-048) targeted drug delivery approach uses micro-sized drug carriers with elastin antibodies that recognize, attach, and deliver compounds to prevent enzymatic degradation of elastin in diseased tissue. Enzymatic degradation of elastin tissue is the primary cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. and there are over 3 million new cases of AAA each year. Currently, damaged elastin is managed via surgical procedures like endovascular surgery. While most procedures are minimally invasive, its lif...Tue, 13 Sep 2016 08:25:21 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Algorithm Predicts Traffic Signal Information to Improve Fuel Economy (09-073) optimization-based algorithm uses traffic signal timing information to improve fuel economy, cut emissions, and reduce trip duration for drivers. According to the Environmental Defense Fund, idling cars and trucks produce over 130,000 tons of carbon dioxide each year, costing drivers over $80 billion and negatively impacting the environment. Required navigation and information broadcast technology is currently available and is expected to be more widely used in the transportation industry in coming years. The U.S. Department of Transportation in particular has been focusing on technology ...Thu, 08 Sep 2016 09:57:50 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Joint Lubricant for Treating Osteoarthritis (00-001), 08 Sep 2016 09:45:27 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Antioxidant Catalysts for Protection of Artificial Implants (2015-023) artificial implant materials are functionalized with self-regenerating antioxidants which prevent implant degradation. Artificial implants are becoming increasingly popular, with 2 in every 100 Americans having an artificial joint and over 7 million living with total hip or knee replacement. When artificial implants come in contact with the biological tissue, this can trigger an immune response called foreign body reaction (FBR) which results in chemical and mechanical degradation of artificial implants and ultimately implant failure. One method to mitigate the immune response is coating...Tue, 06 Sep 2016 08:53:49 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Biofouling in Water Treatment Membrane Systems (2015-021) approach reduces biofouling by using X-ray irradiation and ultraviolet-emitting materials to reduce bacterial growth and biofilms. Biofouling is a critical issue in membrane water and waste water treatment as it greatly compromises the efficiency of the treatment processes. It is difficult to control and results in increased operational costs and poor performance. Current anti-biofouling techniques involve chemical cleaning steps or antimicrobial surfaces which have proven inadequate over long-term operation for many feed waters. In contrast, Clemson University researchers have developed ...Thu, 01 Sep 2016 11:31:28 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Benzimidazole Derivatives as Antibacterial Drugs (2012-076) bisbensimidazole derivatives are a new family of modified small molecules that are highly selective and effective in preventing bacterial resistance. The market for antibacterial drugs stood at $43.9 billion in 2014, representing a large market for both animals and humans. New approaches for the discovery of antibacterial drugs and antibacterial coatings are important in the fight against bacterial resistance. Bacterial DNA topoisomerases are one class of enzymes that help in regulating DNA topology and are very good targets for the development of anticancer or antibacterial agents. Clem...Thu, 25 Aug 2016 10:06:28 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Friendly, Electro-mechanical Controller for Adjusting Pump Stroke (2016-039), 25 Aug 2016 07:14:46 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Inhibitors to Prevent Spread of Virus in Patients (2010-001) HIV inhibitor is a new strategy aimed at ceasing the growth and spread of HIV. According to the World Health Organization, over 36 million people are living with HIV around the world. This represents a global HIV therapeutics market estimated to reach a value of $15.3 billion by 2023. Most HIV inhibitors currently on the market are nucleosides or reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Increased resistance to these drugs warrant the need for new approaches to HIV inhibition, therefore there is currently a demand for non-nucleoside HIV inhibitors. Clemson University researchers have developed a ...Thu, 18 Aug 2016 09:27:17 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu, Ambient Desorption Optical Emission Spectroscopy for Performing Elemental Analysis (2016-018), 16 Aug 2016 10:17:30 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Chemical Functionality of Nylon C-CP Fibers via Microwave Energy (2016-042), 16 Aug 2016 09:15:03 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Robotic Treatment Head for Safer, More Effective Stereotactic Radiosurgery (2016-023) Cobalt-60 based treatment head for Stereotactic Radiosurgery eliminates the limiting factors of current heads currently used to fight cancer health disparities. Radiation therapy is a growing market, expected to reach $8 billion by 2019. Approximately 50 percent of all cancer patients will undergo radiation therapy as part of their treatment. Stereotactic Radiosurgery in particular uses many precisely focused radiation beams to treat cancerous tumors and other abnormalities in the brain, neck, and other parts of the body. There are currently three types of technologies used to deliver rad...Thu, 04 Aug 2016 11:47:36 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu of Mammary Tissue for Diagnostic Modeling (2015-056), 13 Jul 2016 08:14:20 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Gas Analyzer for Detecting Resonances (2009-039) resonance frequency detector is capable of detecting a wide variety of parameters affecting resonance through the use of a patented micro-cantilever. This detector modulates electric charge at varying frequencies on a counter electrode until it matches the induced frequency on a cantilever. Current resonance detection devices require piezoelectric or chemically functioned cantilevers or lasers. However these methods require multiple components, are bulky, or have parasitic capacitance. Clemson University researchers have developed a method to detect chemical/biological species and measure...Wed, 13 Jul 2016 07:40:29 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Application of Hydrogel for the Treatment of Acute Spinal Cord Injury (2011-072) hydrogel can be used for the non-invasive treatment of acute spinal cord injuries by applying topically to the injury site. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 450,000 people in the United States are currently living with a spinal cord injury and 12,000 new cases develop each year. The cost of rehabilitation and on-going care can average in the hundreds of thousands of dollars each year, per patient. Unfortunately, there is often no cure for this type of injury; instead, doctors rely on hypothermia and steroid treatments to mitigate the injury and limit the ...Tue, 12 Jul 2016 13:01:27 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu for Improved Neural Stem Cell Growth (2012-051) peptide introduces a new way to accelerate cell growth of neural stem cells in culture. The global stem cell market is expected to grow from $6.7 billion in 2016 to nearly $12.3 billion in 2021, representing a thriving market. Cultured cells, especially stem cells, struggle to effectively proliferate on their own. Currently, peptide chains such as laminin or collagen type IV are used to enhance cell proliferation, but these materials are expensive and can trigger immune responses if utilized in the human body. Clemson University researchers have engineered a new chain of peptides that per...Tue, 12 Jul 2016 12:31:35 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Hydrogel for Surgical Repair of High Risk Wounds (2013-056) surgical bioadhesive mitigates the complications associated with traditional suturing practices, potentially decreasing surgery and recovery times. By 2017, the market for high strength medical adhesive is projected to reach $800 million. Clinical need for bioadhesives has risen due to the movement to laparoscopic and minimally invasive surgery over the last decade. Traditionally, sutures are used to close lacerations and stop soft tissue bleeding. Current sutures, however, lack adequate mechanical strength, compliance, and require additional surgical tools. Clemson University researchers...Tue, 12 Jul 2016 11:48:32 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu High-Density Functionality of Polymer Surfaces (2015-044) easy modification creates polymer surfaces with high-density functionality by using polyethylene terephthalate (PET) capillary-channeled polymer (C-CP fibers) as the support material. The low-cost modification provides the capability for fast protein separations for proteomics applications and downstream processing due to the improved binding capacity. Protein therapeutics is experiencing phenomenal growth and is poised to reach a market value of $1,463 million by 2020. While this market has seen much improvement and growth in the last decade, the development of high efficiency, low-cost ...Thu, 07 Jul 2016 12:53:55 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Nanotherapeutics for Targeted Drug and Gene Therapy (2014-027) multi-functional polymeric micelle nanocarriers serve as a platform technology for combinatorial delivery of multiple bioactive molecules for the treatment of pathological diseases or repair of injured tissues. With a growing population of cancer patients and the increasing quest for an effective cure, gene therapy represents a $100 billion cancer treatment market. The most commonly used treatment for cancer patients is chemotherapy. However, the efficacy of anticancer drugs has been limited by their toxic side effects in normal cells and drug resistance acquired by cancer cells. Current ...Wed, 22 Jun 2016 07:49:00 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Printed Variable Hardness Foot Orthotics with Patient-Specific Fit (2015-016), 20 Jun 2016 10:51:45 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu[PLY]: Sustainable and Eco-friendly Construction Framing (2015-053)[PLY] is a sustainable construction framing system that utilizes pre-manufactured, CNC-cut plywood components and specialized connection details to enable fast, easy, and safe on-site building construction. The market for green, sustainable building materials and construction is trending and on the rise: the global market is projected to reach $529 billion by 2020. Increased awareness about the benefits of green technologies and stricter government regulations are factors that have contributed to the growing market. However, green building practices are still expensive when compared to trad...Thu, 16 Jun 2016 10:28:49 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Purification and Control of Molecular Weight of Lignin (2014-078) renewable solvent system consisting of hot acetic acid-water mixtures can simultaneously purify, fractionate, and solvate lignins. This approach to purifying and controlling the molecular weight of lignin improves the pulping process and its output. Previous processes can be expensive and have poorly controlled molecular or chemical properties. Using traditional methods, less than 0.2 percent of the 50 million tons/yr of Kraft lignin is recovered for use in value-added products because of high ash content and poorly controlled molecular and chemical properties. Clemson University research...Thu, 16 Jun 2016 10:11:55 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries (2014-073) polymer electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries can be used to inhibit thermal hazards associated with large-format and high-power lithium-ion batteries. Batteries and energy storage is an expanding market that is worth tens of billions of dollars annually, with the market for Lithium-Ion batteries expected to hit $30 billion by 2020. Due to this market growth, many research efforts aim to either make lithium-ion batteries larger or designing cells that discharge at faster rates to increase power output. Both these endeavors, however, lead to increased thermal hazards such as fires or explo...Thu, 16 Jun 2016 09:44:04 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Low Cost Nanoparticle Surface Customization using Magnetic Fields (2014-034), 16 Jun 2016 09:36:11 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Radiator Fan Array for Reduced Power Consumption (2014-030) radiator fan system uses an optimization algorithm to control fan and motor speed resulting in improved fuel and power consumption. Due to a major call from U.S. regulatory committees to have a more aggressive fuel efficiency standard in sport utility and pickup trucks, researchers around the globe have been pushing to have weight reductions or optimize engine efficiency to decrease automobile power consumption. Typically control of the radiator fan relies upon the cooling system fluid temperature. However, this approach poses problems as the coolant can be overcooled and the process is l...Thu, 16 Jun 2016 09:24:14 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Yield Monitor for Round and Square Hay Balers (2015-052) approach to creating crop yield maps results in better management and increased production efficiency on farms. Yield monitoring technologies have been commercially available for corn and grain crops for at least twenty years and have since become stock equipment for most corn, grain, and cotton harvesters. Growers have grown to depend on yield monitors for making and evaluating management decisions, developing management zones, prescribing variable rate input applications, and for evaluating crop insurance values. Currently, hay is among the only major crops that does not have a widely i...Wed, 15 Jun 2016 11:05:21 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu PEGylated Amino Acids for Easier Peptide Synthesis (2013-067), 10 Jun 2016 07:58:35 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Double Drill Guide for Use in Arthroscopic Orthopedic Surgery (2015-030) is an orthopedic drill guide accessory that allows surgeons to quickly attach and secure two bone tunnel drill guides to one unit. The American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine estimates five million arthroscopic surgeries take place worldwide each year and will continue to increase. The US arthroscopic equipment market accounts for 53 percent of the global market and is estimated at $636 million. With the rise in arthroscopic procedures, surgeons need efficient solutions to reduce surgical time, costs, and number of revision procedures. Many orthopedic procedures require the s...Fri, 03 Jun 2016 09:02:45 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Strain Indicators to Non-Invasively Measure Implant Healing (2015-038) orthopedic plate strain indicator non-invasively measures and assesses fracture healing and bone fusion. Every year there are approximately two million fracture fixations in the U.S. While medical implants and plates are usually robust, infection and healing assessment are still significant concerns. It is currently difficult to access when bone has healed sufficiently to allow weight bearing, especially as it varies greatly from patient to patient due to age, health, injury type, and other risk factors. There is a need for in situ monitoring of implant infection because infection is a co...Fri, 03 Jun 2016 08:24:16 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Heart Valves that Resist Structural Degradation and Stiffening (2013-055), 03 Jun 2016 07:44:43 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Total Knee Replacement Design for Treating Knee Extensor Weakness (2012-084) design allows patients to selectively lock the knee in full extension for the purposes of ambulation and unlock free rotation when desired. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, over 600,000 total knee replacement surgeries are performed in the United States each year. While total knee replacement (TKR) is a definitive method to restore knee function in most patients, some have trouble with knee function and weakness following surgery. Knee arthrodesis is required when a patient has inadequate muscular control or soft tissue stability to ambulate. This extended positio...Fri, 03 Jun 2016 07:09:31 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Circuit Breaker for Emerging Power Systems (2015-017) circuit breaker naturally distinguishes between a fault on a DC power system and load charges which occur regularly, effectively improving the manufacturing and reliability of DC systems. Many non-traditional energy sources, such as solar panels, fuel cells, and batteries, supply direct-current (DC) power. This has led to development of DC power systems for a number of applications since conversion to alternating-current (AC) can be eliminated. For example, DC distribution is now used for computer data centers, office buildings, and ship power and propulsion. Though the source, loads, and...Wed, 01 Jun 2016 12:54:10 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Biodegradable Polymers for Deep Tissue Imaging using X-ray (2013-064) biodegradable polymers composed of FDA approved materials can be used to non-invasively image polymeric implants, coatings, and nanoparticles to measure degradation and defects, thereby preventing possible implant failure and increasing patient health and comfort. The global biomaterials market is projected to reach almost $90 billion by 2017. The polymeric segment of this market is growing at the fastest rate, with a compound annual growth rate of 22.1 percent. A major limitation of using polymeric biomaterials, however, is the inability to image and evaluate these materials. Traditiona...Thu, 26 May 2016 12:30:58 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Hydrogel Material for Combatting Intervertebral Disc Degeneration (2015-048) hydrogel scaffold can be used as an early-stage intervention for combatting intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IDD). Lower back pain is a significant burden that affects nearly 85 percent of all people, 40 percent of which are attributed to IDD. IVDs reside between the bones of the spine and contain the nucleus pulposus (NP) which is a resilient hydrogel core that generates intradiscal pressure to support compressive loading. IDD has been shown to initiate in the NP and results in IVD tissue disorganization, loss of intradiscal pressure and IVD height. Current treatments only mitigat...Wed, 25 May 2016 06:58:06 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Patch to Repair Intervertebral Disc Herniation and Degeneration (2015-050) collagen-based patch is a multi-laminate, ply-angle-ply sheet-based reinforcement used to biologically augment and facilitate repair of the annulus fibrosus (AF) of the intervertebral disc (IVD). Back pain is commonly associated with IVD pathologies including herniation and/or degeneration, resulting in structural defects within the AF. Nearly 500,000 lumbar discectomies are performed annually in the U.S. to aid in alleviating patient pain. During this procedure, a defect is created within the AF to remove herniated/degenerated nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue fragments. The resultant defect ...Tue, 24 May 2016 12:26:53 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Polymers for Pollutant Remediation and Toxin Reduction (2013-054), 23 May 2016 09:23:34 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Crystal Growth that Eliminates Spontaneous Emission (2011-108) hydrothermal approach to growing single crystal oxide hosts resolves the issues posed by amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). ASE is the result of unwanted internal reflection of photons at the lasing frequency within the laser crystal. The consequences of ASE include induced emission of ions from the excited state and unwanted internal lasing in random directions. These effects take away the needed amount of power from the laser and severely inhibit the performance of the lasers. From an economic standpoint, the global market for solid state lasers is projected to steadily increase, rea...Mon, 23 May 2016 06:48:38 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Production of Single Crystals for Solid State Laser Applications (2013-060), 23 May 2016 06:41:21 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Growth of Thin Film, Co-Doped Crystals with Optimized Properties for Mass Production (2010-051) alternative approach for growing thin film and co-doped crystals uses hydrothermal techniques that result in optimized crystal qualities, ideal for solid state laser applications. Solid state lasers are used in a wide variety of applications, including the defense, communication, and medical fields. This broad spectrum of uses and the consumer demand for lasers in low-power applications have contributed to a growth in the market, leading to a prediction of a market value of $850 million by 2020. Clemson University researchers created a crystal growth process ideal for solid-state laser ap...Thu, 19 May 2016 13:06:19 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Gradient Doping of Host Crystals for Improved Quality of Solid State Lasers (2011-063) hydrothermal approach provides variation in the concentration of selected dopants within the host single crystal lattice, resulting in improved power and beam quality of solid state lasers. The global market for solid state lasers is projected to steadily increase, reaching $850 million by 2020. This steady growth is primarily due to the demand for lasers with operational thresholds that can be reached at relatively low intensities of laser pumping. One way to achieve low intensities of laser pumping includes varying the laser ion dopant concentration. Existing practices of doing this, ho...Thu, 19 May 2016 12:35:15 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Growth of High Quality Rhombohedral Crystals (2006-009), 19 May 2016 12:17:13 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Temperature Hydrothermal Growth of Quality Lanthanide Vanadate/Oxide Crystals (2007-001), 19 May 2016 12:01:45 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Growth of Lithium Borate Crystals with High Optical Quality (01-034) hydrothermal growth of tetragonal lithium borate crystals produces high optical quality crystals suitable for a wide variety of optical devices. In the current market, optical devices produce a constant demand for high quality single crystals. This market demand has fostered the acceptance of lithium borate crystals. Traditionally, lithium borate crystals are prepared via demanding high pressure methods that only produces small crystals. Clemson University researchers have developed a hydrothermal growth technique that produces lithium borate crystals sufficiently large for optical applic...Thu, 19 May 2016 11:52:59 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Sponge Hydrogel for Tissue Engineering Applications (2011-088) hydrogel composite is composed of elastin, glycosaminoglycan and collagen (EGC) that exhibits unique shape-memory sponge characteristics. This EGC hydrogel has broad applications in tissue engineering and biomaterials, specifically regarding its use as a nucleus pulposus (NP) replacement material. Spinal disc degeneration begins within the NP and, if not treated, can lead to detrimental changes to the Intervertebral Disc (IVD) structure; resulting in pain, disability, and socioeconomic consequences. Current treatment options, such as total disc replacement, suffer from drawbacks including...Wed, 18 May 2016 12:41:41 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Orthopedic Screws for Imaging through Tissue (2012-018), 11 May 2016 12:52:44 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Improved Differentiation of Stem Cells into Cardiac Muscle Cells for Cardiac Tissue Repair (2014-091) approach advances the maturation of stem cells or progenitor cells, cells that differentiate like stem cells, to produce functional, biocompatible cardiomyocytes for the repair of damaged cardiac tissue. Cardiomyocytes are specialized cardiac muscle cells essential for cardiac muscle health. Cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death worldwide, kills one in four Americans annually. A heart attack alone irreversibly destroys one billion cardiomyocytes, which can cause heart failure. Recent research suggests progenitor cells have the potential for regeneration; however attempts to p...Wed, 11 May 2016 12:52:11 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Jet Printing onto Solid Substrata, 08 Jan 2015 11:16:54 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu EDL Capacitor Based Biosensors, 19 Aug 2014 14:22:08 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu of a DIPEX Coated ZnS:Ag Disk for Quantification of Actinides in Groundwater technology features materials and systems useful in determining the existence of radionuclides in an aqueous sample. The materials provide the dual function of both extraction and scintillation to the systems. The systems are both portable and simple to use and, as such, can beneficially be utilized to determine the presence and concentration of radionuclide contamination in an aqueous sample at any desired location and according to a relatively simple process without the necessity of complicated sample handling techniques. These systems include a one-step process, providing simultaneous ...Tue, 22 Jul 2014 06:31:28 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu EPR Sensors invention will be used to exploit electron-paramagnetic-resonance (EPR) as a new approach for rapid diagnostic tests (RDTS) of malaria. The idea is to use RF interference processes to boost EPR sensor sensitivity by more than 103 times for rapid characterization of malaria pigment hemzoin in a single parasitized red-blood-cell (RBC) in blood-plasma. The proposed idea is unconventional because (i) it is a resonator-less method that boosts EPR sensor sensitivity and time-resolution by orders of magnitude with liquid samples, (ii) it enables multi-frequency EPR scheme to significantly enhanc...Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:41:29 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu of Ribbed Polymer Fibers as Stationary/Support Phases for Chemical Separations by Liquid Chromatography or for Waste Stream Remediation, 08 Jul 2014 07:57:32 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu A Compact, Componentized Hardware Architecture and Reference Platform Family for Low-power, Low-cost, High-fidelity in situ Sensing sensing is an industry that has exploded over the past few decades as a result of high demands for bettering agriculture, food and habitats. Different types of sensing systems have been designed; however, they lack the ability to be employed on a large scale and with minimal power usage. Additionally, other systems are not able to be self-sufficient and left for long periods of time. The MoteStack offers a solution to these problems. The MoteStack is a hardware architecture and reference platform family for constructing large-scale, long-lived, wireless data acquisition networks. The de...Mon, 30 Sep 2013 12:05:22 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Derived Optical Fibers, 30 Sep 2013 12:05:21 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Density Atmospheric Plasma Jet Devices for Biomedical and Electronic Surface Modifications, 30 Sep 2013 12:05:20 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Intelligence System for Electric Power Systems, 30 Sep 2013 12:05:19 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Clemson University 15 MW Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) Grid Simulator System, 30 Sep 2013 12:05:18 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Stochastic Optimal Power Flow Control for Power Systems with Intermittent Renewable Energy Generation, 30 Sep 2013 12:05:17 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Liquid Sampling Atmosphere Pressure Glow Discharge, 30 Sep 2013 12:05:15 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Corrugated Pallet, 26 Sep 2013 13:29:51 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Lipid Modification of Polymer Surfaces to Affect Chemical Reactivity/Selectivity, 23 Sep 2013 13:28:54 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Seams for Fluid, Vapor and Air Barrier Articles, 06 Sep 2013 13:57:18 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Composites for Energy Storage Applications, 06 Sep 2013 13:57:12 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Formulation for Recalcitrant Feedstock for Biofuel Conversion Processes US and other countries are looking to biofuels as an alternative to foreign oil, however, many methods of producing biofuels are expensive and have questionable environmental credentials compared to fossil fuels. Clemson University researchers have created a method that makes the conversion of biomass feedstocks to biofuel and other products more effective. This invention makes extracting sugars from cellulosic feedstocks, such as wood chips, more efficient by increasing the output and decreasing the temperature required for the reaction. The novel pre-treatment formulation helps break up ...Thu, 18 Jul 2013 10:05:17 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Solid Large Core Photonic Bandgap Fibers for Use in Optical Fiber Lasers, 13 Feb 2013 13:08:12 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Antibacterial Albumin Coating for Medical Devices and Implants, 17 Jan 2013 10:45:15 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu to Render Implants Resistant to Diabetes, 17 Jan 2013 10:44:51 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Bundle Cartridges as Chemical Separation Media, 23 Apr 2012 11:21:50 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Micro and Nanofluidics for Probing Liquids, 23 Apr 2012 11:21:48 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Silicon Optical Fiber, 08 Nov 2011 08:32:50 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Broad-area Semiconductor Lasers for High Power, High Brightness Applications, 08 Nov 2011 08:32:49 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu and Material to Extend the Life of Total Joint Replacements through Wear Particle Activation, 13 Jul 2011 08:34:38 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Dioxide Capture in Cement Manufacturing US cement industry produces over 41million metric tons (MMT) of process-related CO2 per year1. That total excludes the CO2 released from the burning of fossil fuel to heat the process. This invention provides a method of capturing much of that CO2 for sale or storage.Using several possible methods, the CO2 may be captured and reintroduced into the system before being captured again and extracted from the system. The initial reuse of the gas influences the production of alite and belite. The alite to belite ratio influences the curing and strength properties of the concrete. Using the CO2 i...Tue, 29 Mar 2011 07:43:28 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Scavengers Comprising a Free Radical Scavenger and a Transition Metal, 29 Mar 2011 07:43:27 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Injection Based CVD Process for Preparing Carbon Nanostructures with Tailored Properties, 04 Mar 2011 12:03:17 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Blending (Chaotic Mixing), 02 Mar 2011 05:57:36 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu<![CDATA[Ultrahydrophobic Self-cleaning Materials & Surfaces]]>, 01 Mar 2011 12:57:06 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Signal Processing Method To Assess Dynamic System Similarity technology features a robust technique to detect dynamic similarity of two systems based on the statistical properties of their signals. The invention assesses the entire autocorrelation structure of a test and a reference signal series. This is achieved in three steps 1) the test and reference signals are subjected to similar pre-processing to guarantee statistical stationarity; 2) the multivariate periodograms or autocovariance functions are calculated for each series; 3) time- and frequency-domain signal discrimination test statistics are computed and assessed. Equality of the test and...Tue, 22 Feb 2011 06:19:47 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Filtration Fabric technology features fibrous activated materials that can remove and /or deactivate potentially dangerous agents from a gas or an air stream. This technology also features methods of forming such fibrous activated materials. These materials are multi-layered that includes one or more fibrous nonwoven interceptor layers and one or more active layers immediately adjacent the interceptor layer. The interceptor layer is a fibrous membrane of very low basis weight, small in size and defines a relatively low porosity. The active layer includes a functional chemistry that can collect, adhere, or ...Tue, 22 Feb 2011 06:19:45 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Fiber Systems and Methods, 01 Feb 2011 08:36:19 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Capillary Surface Fibers, 12 Jan 2011 07:34:08 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Integrated Picosecond Pulse Generation Circuit invention features an on-chip picosecond pulse generator that can be implemented using complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS). The transmission line, the switching device, and the trigger circuit are located on a common semiconductor substrate (CMOS) using standard CMOS technology. The pulse width and amplitude of the output pulse can be modified using the length of the transmission line and on the charging voltage applied to the transmission line. Additional components can be provided on the common semiconductor substrate or chip to shape the input pulse to the switching device t...Fri, 07 Jan 2011 07:31:32 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu and Mutation Suppressing Plant Extract, 06 Jan 2011 10:51:55 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Colloid Based, Color Tailorable Organic Light-Emitting Diode, 30 Dec 2010 07:28:55 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Polymer Inks nanoparticles and carbon black particles have been used previously as the conducting phase in inks for the printing market due to their high conductivity. Polymeric conductive materials can alleviate the high-cost burden of metals but have had significant problems with solubility and some resulting in lower than desirable conductivities. The technology discussed herein solves both of these barriers. The electrochemical ink in this conducting polymer colloidal nanocomposite invention includes a dispersion of colloidal nanocomposite particles in liquid carrier. The ink can utilize an...Thu, 30 Dec 2010 07:28:50 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Fluid Explosion Process for Removing Lipids from Biomass fossil fuels with sustainable, renewable fuels is a topic of major research, interest, and investment of late. A promising replacement for petro-diesel fuel (which could in turn replace gasoline in many applications) is bio-diesel fuel made from algae, fungus, or plant material. Of these sources, algae shows the greatest potential, but is restrained by the difficulty of extracting the lipids from the cells. Current methods are energy or solvent intensive, and make algae nonviable economically. They include organic solvent extraction, vacuum distillation, and maceration, all of which ...Tue, 28 Dec 2010 13:22:35 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu and Electrolyte Materials for Li-ion Batteries batteries are the current state of the art in charge storage. They charge quicker and hold charge longer than other batteries. Like many other technologies, there is continuous improvement of materials. The improvement of battery materials holds the promise for greater charge storage, greater discharge abilities, and lighter-weight batteries. These improvements are necessary to make electric vehicles more cost-effective, to continue increasing power and functionality of portable electronics, and to enable many other power consuming machines to reduce or eliminate dependence on foss...Wed, 15 Dec 2010 13:32:52 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Arc-Flash Determination Device (IADD), 15 Dec 2010 11:43:51 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu for Bonding Metal Injection Molded Parts to Conventional Substrate Using Controlled Surface Microstructure, 05 Nov 2010 09:45:00 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Process for a Mono-Domain Hexagonal Array of Standing Nanopillars with Large Diameter and Interpillar Distance, 04 Nov 2010 13:38:55 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Prosthesis, 04 Nov 2010 10:52:20 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu and System to Stabilize and Preserve Iron Artifacts formation on archaeological artifacts is a common problem as it forms a layer on the outside of the iron, but this layer itself actually prevents oxidation reactions from occurring deeper in the metal. However, if these artifacts are recovered, the high concentration of chloride ions (Cl-) will begin rapidly oxidizing the metal in the presence of highly oxygenated air. Placing the artifacts in water, even water similar to its former marine environment, is not enough to guarantee long-term cessation of the oxidation process. Treatment to remove the chloride ions is possible through a solut...Thu, 14 Oct 2010 07:20:28 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Index Anti-Guiding Fiber Laser Structure Employing Dispersive Core and Cladding, 14 Oct 2010 07:20:20 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu<![CDATA[Breathable, Insulative Vest (Microclimate Regulating Garment & Composite Structure)]]>, 08 Sep 2010 12:48:00 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Structures for Nanoelectronics and Molecular Electronics Characterizations, 24 Jun 2010 07:44:47 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Spectrometers with Planar Nanofluidic Channels, 15 Dec 2009 11:36:43 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Effects of Hyaluronan Oligosaccharides and Their Applications Thereof in Tissue Engineering (includes 07-054) is a critical component in all connective tissue and is not readily regenerated by the body. In order to develop or regenerate functional connective tissue, elastogenic cues to synthesize, organize, and stabilize the extracellular matrix are critical.The invention includes novel elastogenic cues for injured or developing connective tissues (i.e. cardiovascular, dermal, pulmonary, and other elastin containing tissue) that will encourage the development of functional and structurally sound tissues. These cues include hyaluronan fragments and oligomers, optionally in conjunction with grow...Tue, 15 Dec 2009 11:02:04 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu of Nanocrystalline Calcite on Metal Alloys by a Cellular Biomineralization Means and process for Preparing Same technologies feature a method for deposition of nano-crystalline calcite plates by specialized epithelial tissue or cells onto metallic surfaces, such as stainless steel or other alloys. This is the first demonstration of a novel crystalline material that is produced by animal tissues which can be produced in a highly controlled process. This material and its process for preparation is potentially applicable for producing novel biomaterials for organ and tissue regeneration, biocompatible implants for tissue repair, and bone and joint implants. These materials may be included in the next...Tue, 15 Dec 2009 11:01:58 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Fixation Method for Bioprosthetic Heart Valves technology features a novel improvement of bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs). This technology is a new method for fixation of BHVs derived from porcine aortic valves. BHVs are used clinically to replace defective or diseased heart valves, but a majority of these valves fail within a few years due to calcification and degeneration. Currently used methods of fixation, such as glutaraldehyde cross-linking, is not adequate to fix all extracellular matrix components, especially glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) present in the middle spongiosa layer. This technology presents methods for improving the s...Mon, 14 Dec 2009 14:00:03 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Wicking Fiber Bundles for 3-D Tissue Engineering Systems invention is an enhancement to an engineered tissue system that may be used in drug discovery, vaccine development, biomaterial development or developmental cell biology. The enhancement allows biologically relevant tissues to be grown ex vivo. This invention uses lobed/channeled fibers, where lobed/channeled indicates a non-circular cross-section that allows fluid movement along the fiber in a 3-dimensional tissue system to improve transfer of nutrients, waste products and growth factors. The addition of these specialized fibers allows the movement of fluids through a gel environment and...Mon, 14 Dec 2009 13:25:30 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Tissue Engineering Composite Material for Tissue Repair In Vivo invention provides a biocompatible composite for repairing damaged tissues in vivo and for constructing new tissues. The multi-phasic system promotes cell attachment, encourages growth, and ultimately promotes the development and establishment of natural tissue. Designed uses include repair of breast, dental, skin, spinal disc, cartilage and bone tissues. Additionally the injectable system can be used as bulking agent in the treatment of incontinence.This patented technology is an improvement to conventional injectable materials (i.e. hydrogels), as these materials make it difficult for c...Mon, 14 Dec 2009 13:25:29 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Material for Transcatheter Bioprosthetic Heart Valves technology features a biomaterial useful for bioprostheses, such as bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs), in which the fixed tissue has improved elastic properties. The high elastin-containing biomaterial is further characterized by having anisotropic properties wherein the biological material has a greater stiffness in one direction and a greater elasticity in a cross direction. This technology can be used to improve current BHV devices which have a short lifespan due to mechanical deterioration and biological degeneration, due to the lack of elasticity of the tissues. This technology offer...Mon, 14 Dec 2009 09:33:45 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Treatment of Polymeric and Inorganic Surfaces, 14 Dec 2009 09:33:43 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Integrated Dual Site-Specific Recombination System For Use In Developing Environmentally Safe and Clean Transgenic Turfgrass technology presents a novel method of producing a transgenic hybrid plant having no or reduced sexual reproduction. This technology features the use of multiple site-specific recombination systems for use in transgene containment in plants. More specifically, this technology presents coordinated excisional DNA recombination by multiple (e.g. dual) recombinases to achieve excision of unwanted transgenic DNA as well as recombinase-coding sequences themselves by self-excision. Furthermore, the simultaneous use of multiple site-specific recombination systems in combination with controllable t...Fri, 11 Dec 2009 09:08:55 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Microbiological-based Chlorinated Ethene Destruction is an innovative treatment technology for the containment, detoxification and elimination of chlorinated ethenes (CE) in the environment. MicroCED consists of several novel microorganisms that are new to science. MicroCED rapidly and completely converts CE to non-toxic, safe end products without production or accumulation of toxic by-products. MicroCED can detoxify both saturated and unsaturated CE and is amendable for treatment of mixtures of these pollutants. MicroCED is a sensitive and efficient bio-process for CE. MicroCED is versatile; it can be used as a low cost, low maintenanc...Fri, 11 Dec 2009 09:08:54 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Transduction Biology Based Marine Antifouling Coating technology features a novel method of deterring biofouling of a surface, the undesirable accumulation of micro-organism, plants, algae and animals on submerged structures or other structures exposed to water or damp environments. Current anti-fouling coatings that have biocidal effects are copper based and there is concern that leached copper is detrimental to the marine environment. This technology features a treatment with noradrenalin (NA) which only disrupts larval settlement and does not harm the organism's growth or survival. Attaching themselves to surfaces, organisms not only impe...Fri, 11 Dec 2009 08:50:38 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Screening Model for Adverse Drug Reactions, 11 Dec 2009 08:50:37 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Colorimetric Test for Quantification of Uranium in Drinking Water technology features novel methods, materials and systems to determine the uranium concentration in water samples. These methods generally include a concentration step and a complexation step. Uranium concentration can be carried out according to an extraction chromatographic process and complexation can chemically bind uranium with a detectable substance such that the formed substance is visually detectable. These methods can detect uranium contamination down to levels even below the maximum contamination level (MCL) as established by the EPA. These systems are relatively simple and cost-...Thu, 10 Dec 2009 10:08:26 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Hydrogel System for the Treatment of Stroke and Nervous Tissue Injury, 10 Dec 2009 09:12:50 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu Organically Certifiable Method of Producing Ammonium Nitrate for Fertigation of Organic Vegetable Production technology features a novel approach to forming ammonia and/or ammonium that does not use nonrenewable resources as starting or intermediate materials and that does not require the use of any synthetic or hazardous compounds. Also featured are the bioreactors used to carry out these methods. This approach features an environmentally friendly method for producing ammonia and ammonium necessary for many applications, including organic farming. Demand continues to grow for organically grown produce due primarily to the high nutritional quality of the produce and the ability to keep soils and...Thu, 10 Dec 2009 08:16:50 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu the Injection Well Saturation of Carbon Dioxide in Water for Geologic Storage technology features an apparatus and a process for the capture and storage of carbon dioxide gases in subsurface aquifers. These novel injection well components and well design promote rapid dissolving of carbon dioxide into water derived from distant extraction well fields. Carbon dioxide has a high solubility in water, and at higher hydrostatic pressure the solubility is increased to a maximum at depths of around 2000 feet below the aquifer surface. Water becomes more dense with higher dissolved carbon dioxide. Greater density makes the water negatively buoyant and a competent cap lock/...Thu, 10 Dec 2009 06:58:00 GMTcontactcurf@clemson.edu